At some point, the average woman begins to notice certain symptoms that alert her to changes in her vaginal health. These may be due to pregnancy and childbirth, and the hormonal fluctuations that go along with that experience. Vaginal health is also directly affected by perimenopause and menopause.
For the millions of people with overactive bladder (OAB), the following symptoms are significant causes of concern:
- Frequent trips to the bathroom (frequency)
- Strong uncomfortable urges to void that cannot be ignored (urgency)
Stress Urinary Incontinence
The bladder and urethra are supported by muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues around the base of the bladder. This support along with the watertight seal provided by the urethra, prevents the leakage of urine. Pregnancy, childbirth, aging, and damage caused by scarring from surgery or radiotherapy, may cause these structures to become damaged or weakened, resulting in leakage of urine during exercise, and with luaghing, coughing and sneezing.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate gland that commonly occurs as men age. It can contribute to urinary symptoms that include urinary frequency, urgency, waking up at night to urinate, incomplete bladder emptying, weak urinary stream, and incontinence. A medical history, digital rectal exam, post void residual are used to diagnose BPH. There are several treatments for BPH including medications and surgery.
Kidney stones are solid collections of normal urinary components which have formed into crystals. The majority of stones are calcium based, but there are other types of stones which can also occur. Kidney stone formation is often influenced by diet, fluid intake, heredity, and occasionally other medical problems.
Dr. Byers has coined the term “HERology” to describe the urologic conditions that mainly affect women. It is a common misconception that urologists see mostly male patients, but as you know, women pee too! “HERologic” conditions are generally not life-threatening but can severely affect a woman’s quality of life.
Low testosterone, a form of hypogonadism, occurs when the body fails to produce an adequate supply of this hormone. This condition is more prevalent as men age, occurring in about 20 percent of men over 60 years of age and increasing to as much as 50 percent in men over 80 years of age.
Bladder prolapse, also known as cystocele, is a common condition in women that involves a stretching or weakening of the pelvic floor muscles that support the bladder. Once this occurs, the bladder gradually sags into the vagina and may even protrude through its opening, causing urinary problems.
Your urologic evaluation may include:
- Diagnostic Imaging
- Urodynamic Study
- Uroflow Study